Through the interaction of the topography and climate in the National Park Pelister, as well as the living world, there are three major soil types: humic-silicate (rankers), acid brown (cambisols) and ilimerised (brunipodzols, brownised cambisols). Within the areas covered by forest, i.e. molika, beech and oak forests, the acid-brown soils prevail; several varieties and different evolutionary stages can be distinguished within these soils. The humicsilicate soils are found in the sub-alpine and the alpine zone and less frequently in the forest zone. The third soil type is found in the sub-alpine zone in places overgrown by molika trees.